Glass arts are one of the most difficult but beautiful genres of art form. The characteristic shine of the glass allows it to give a certain gloss and ambiance to the place it is kept in. Glass has an amazing elasticity that allows artists to mold it easily. This allows artists to make great shape as well as fine designs on them. Glass is available in various colors which actually adds to the existing design. The quick plasticity makes this great brittle matter a true clay for art.
Since the discovery of glass and the knowledge of its eye-catching properties, glass has become one of the most popular artistic elements. There are various techniques to make glass arts: blowing, fusing, kiln-casting, slumping, pat-de-verre, flame-working, hot-sculpting and cold working. Not all types of glass allow all types of working. So the specific type of glass should be chosen based on the specific design and molding technique.
If the design is carved onto the glass by means of etching like acid, caustic or any other substance then blowing or casting is the best type of glass. There is one more technique to do the same. Carve the design by actually cutting the glass with sharp object like diamond or copper. These popular form of glass are known as “Depression Glass”.
In 2015, at a popular Chinese arts festival Ha You arts festival, two amazing Chinese artists Zhengcui Guo and Peng Yi showcased a new and amazing technique called ‘gleting’. Later it was appreciated and called Felting.
In 2006, Carol Milne demonstrated a technique of designing that made casted glass look like a knitted product. Hence, the technique got its name as knitted glass. She incorporated popular techniques like knitting, lost-wax-casting, mold-making and kiln casting. No wonder the technique produces amazing glasswares.
The most popular technique in pattern making is lampworking. Following this, there are many more techniques that are fundamentally a bit different. These include techniques like engraving, murrine, enameling, millefiori, flamework, gilding and caneworking.
This is one of the most advanced techniques. Many feel that this is no craftsmanship as there is no touching and feeling the object. But many will differ. All the work of glass printing is done using 3D Printers available. The setup maybe costly but individual products are much more faster, cheaper and closer to perfection.